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Further Reading

Further Gateways to the Laboratory and the Diversity of Physician-Scientists Reading

Articles and Presentations about Gateways to the Laboratory and our Efforts and Successes Increasing Physician-Scientist Diversity

  • Using admissions statistics to encourage diverse applicants to MD-PhD programs by Briana Christophers and Ruth Gotian
  • Three steps to landing an undergraduate research internship by Ruth Gotian and Ushma Neill
  • Gateways to the Laboratory: How an MD–PhD Program Increased the Number of Minority Physician–ScientistsRuth Gotian, Olaf Andersen, et al.
    Abstract: Traditional underrepresented minority (URM) groups (African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans) remain underrepresented among physician–scientists. To address the dearth of URM physician–scientists, in 1993 the Weill Cornell/Rockefeller/ Sloan Kettering Tri-Institutional MD–PhD Program developed a pipeline program, Gateways to the Laboratory (Gateways), which focuses on increasing the breadth and depth of the URM physician–scientist pipeline by offering an all-encompassing summer research training program which mirrors the life of a physician–scientist. This includes hypothesis-driven research and clinical shadowing opportunities, coupled with weekly career development workshops and extensive multitiered mentoring. Among the 245 alumni who had “graduated” from Gateways as of 2013, 88% have pursued or completed advanced degrees. Among these, 74% completed or are pursuing MD, PhD, or MD–PhD degrees; and 17% completed or are pursuing combined MD–PhD degrees, over one-third of whom are enrolled in the Tri-Institutional MD–PhD Program. Gateways outcomes are compared to other programs with similar missions, which shows that Gateways has been successful at preparing URMs for MD–PhD Programs. The program serves as a model for how to increase the national pool of competitive URM MD–PhD applicants.