Assessment of Medical Industry Compensation to US Physicians by Gender.

TitleAssessment of Medical Industry Compensation to US Physicians by Gender.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsSullivan BG, Al-Khouja F, Herre M, Manasa M, Kreger A, Escobar J, Dinicu A, Naaseh A, Dehkordi-Vakil F, Stamos M, Pigazzi A, Jafari MD
JournalJAMA Surg
Date Published2022 Sep 28

Importance: It has been well established that female physicians earn less than their male counterparts in all specialties and ranks despite controlling for confounding variables.

Objective: To investigate payments made from highest-grossing medical industry companies to female and male physicians and to assess compensation and engagement disparities based on gender.

Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective, population-based cross-sectional study used data from the Open Payments database for the 5 female and 5 male physicians who received the most financial compensation from each of the 15 highest-grossing medical supply companies in the US from January 2013 to January 2019.

Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was total general payments received by female and male physicians from medical industry over time and across industries. The secondary outcome was trends in industry payment to female and male physicians from 2013 to 2019.

Results: Among the 1050 payments sampled, 1017 (96.9%) of the 5 highest earners were men and 33 (3.1%) were women. Female physicians were paid a mean (SD) of $41 320 ($88 695), and male physicians were paid a mean (SD) of $1 226 377 ($3 377 957) (P < .001). On multivariate analysis, male gender was significantly associated with higher payment after adjusting for rank, h-index, and specialty (mean [SD], $1 025 413 [$162 578]; P < .001). From 2013 to 2019, the payment gap between female and male physicians increased from $54 343 to $166 778 (P < .001).

Conclusions and Relevance: This study found that male physicians received significantly higher payments from the highest-grossing medical industry companies compared with female physicians. This disparity persisted across all medical specialties and academic ranks. The health care industry gender payment gap continued to increase from 2013 to 2019, with a wider compensation gap in 2019.

Alternate JournalJAMA Surg
PubMed ID36169943

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